Miskovic’s Closure Arguments: „Experts say that there is no tax“

Miskovic’s Closure Arguments: „Experts say that there is no tax“

Your Honour,

Today, in the closing argument, I would like to point out once again that the indictment against ME, MARKO, ŽIVOJIN AND JADRANKA is fabricated, false, and that the prosecution was acting under pressure. The decision to add my name to the indictment for tax evasion in Mera company, even though I am not the owner, director, nor a member of any management authority, was brought by Miljko Radisavljević personally, the Prosecutor for organized crime, despite the fact that I was not mentioned in the crime report, nor in the records made by the inspectors that investigated Mera in 2010 and 2013. The indictment was signed by the Prosecutor Tamara Ristić.

With this kind of indictment, the trial against me lasts for 6 years already, without a single proof, based on someone’s assumptions. These charges are soon to be studied at the Faculty of Law, as an example of the way proceedings are conducted in Serbia. In addition, a book about the trial is to be written soon.

How have they conducted the proceeding against me?
  • I was arrested on December 12, 2012, after being continually exposed to a media hunt, before and after the arrest, like no one has ever been in this country.
  • I returned from Moscow two days before the arrest, even though I had known I was going to be apprehended.
  • I spent 7.5 months in custody, and the Constitutional Court declared the continuation of the custody unconstitutional.
  • For me to be released on bail, the court set a bond in the amount of 12 million euros, which is, by far, the largest bond in the history of the Serbian judiciary.
  • In addition, my personal and company assets were frozen, which are worth almost 50 million euros.
  • For the same act, the court set a 3.5 million euro bond to my son Marko.
  • Supported by loud appraisals of the tabloid media, the proceeding against me was conducted in such a way that I had to attend 60 hearings in one year. During the same year, there were only 10 hearings in the trial against the murderers of Slavko Ćuruvija, with the explanation that there were not enough available courtrooms. Apparently, I was the one to occupy all the available courtrooms and schedules.
  • This Trial Chamber has barely adopted one single request I made in the course of the trial:
    • I was not granted the request to have the bond returned,
    • I was refused the request to replace the bond in cash by a property bond,
    • I was not granted the request to have my passport returned so that I could continue doing business. This decision caused substantial damage to Delta Company and Serbia as well.
    • I was not granted the request to undergo a surgery abroad, as they believed I was simulating my illness because I had not sought medical assistance. The doctors who diagnosed my medical condition had to answer certain telephone calls afterwards.
    • After the verdict of the Court of Appeal, a court of lower instance was supposed to conduct the proceeding for the act in question, as tax evasion was the only remaining act to be prosecuted of, and it falls under the competence of a lower instance court. However, this Trial Chamber has unlawfully taken the continuation of the proceeding upon itself.
    • The prosecution altered the indictment twice, every time towards the end of the trial. As I already said, at the previous hearing: the indictment cannot be based on the verdict, but vice versa.

At this point, I need to remind you who is being prosecuted in this trial:

  • The leading entrepreneur in the region;
  • The man who used to be at the head of the most successful company in the former Yugoslavia;
  • The winner of the AVNOJ Prize, the most important Yugoslav award;
  • You are prosecuting the founder of the most successful company in the region (Ljubljana, Podgorica, Banjaluka, Varna, Zagreb, Skoplje);
  • The most significant investor in Serbia. Over the past 25 years, we have invested more than 3.5 billion euros;
  • At one point, we had 25,000 employees;
  • We have employed more than 200 young leaders of various profiles. These young, educated people would have left the country if they hadn’t started their career in Delta;
  • We generated 2 billion euros from the sale of our companies, brought them to Serbia and invested them into our country;
  • Over the past 11 years, we have paid over 2 billion euros into the budget of the Republic of Serbia, and I have personally paid 3.5 million euros in taxes;
  • We have invested around 35 million euros into the social responsibility;
  • We have built three endowments and gave them to Serbia.
And why am I being prosecuted?

I was accused of assisting my son to evade taxation of 2.8 million euros. You are saying it was me who did this:

  • even though I am the largest taxpayer in Serbia;
  • you are saying I committed the act in the year in which my company paid 300 million euros into the budget;
  • even though my company has set aside about 35 million euros over the past 15 years, for social responsibility;
  • me, whose company VOLUNTARILY paid 25 million euros from the sale of the Maxi market chain into the budget, which was confirmed by Mirko Cvetković, the then Prime Minister of Serbia?

Does it seem logical for a person, who pays such substantial amounts of taxes, to finally decide to evade taxation in the company owned by his own son?

Your honour,

You know the letter of the law: in order for a crime of tax evasion to exist, there are three elements that need to be fulfilled:

  1. The existence of the tax liability
  2. The intention of the defendant to evade taxation
  3. The existence of an action which was concealed from the competent inspection and other authorities in the proceedings

As for my case, the situation is the following:

Here is the list of persons who believe that there was no tax liability in this case:

– Svetislav Kostić, PhD,  Associate professor at the Faculty of Law in Belgrade, an expert on Tax Law

– Ivan Simič, former director of the Tax Administration

– Dejan Popović, Professor of Tax Law and the author of the law which was in effect since 2008

– Report of the independent audit company KPMG

– Opinion of the Ministry of finance of 2/10/2002

– Opinion of the consulting company “Fascino“, which is led by the former assistant of the minister of fiscal system, Rada Maruška Lukovac

– Report provided by the consulting company KROLL

– Report of the audit company „Privredni savetnik – Revizija“.

Everyone seems to think that there was no tax liability, and I was the only one who should have known about the taxation in 2008. Apparently, I was supposed to tell all these experts they knew nothing about the tax policy.

I would like to ask the Prosecution, since they believe there was a tax liability, to fill in the tax administration form properly, in accordance with the regulations in force in 2008. If they are able to do so, I will immediately sign that I am responsible for this criminal act.

In year 2008, all the directors in Marko’s companies, all the engaged consultants and agencies, they all did the best they could, in compliance with the laws and regulations of the time, and the instructions provided by the state authorities.

In order to commit the crime of tax evasion, there has to be an intention. As the court was in a dilemma whether these taxes existed at all, you asked the National Assembly, and the prosecution asked the Ministry of Finance.

You are not sure whether these taxes existed at all, which is a sufficient proof that there was no intention.

The court asks the Assembly, and I ask the prosecutor: where is the evidence? Where is the evidence that demonstrates that I knew of the existence of such taxation and that I had the intention to evade it?

The prosecution alleges that I was the one to suggest the capital increase and the sale of shares, and presents these two as evidence. Whereas, in fact, it is only a piece of advice of a business nature, 100% in accordance with the law and has nothing to do with taxation.

For example, based on my knowledge of the Slovenian market, I made the decision about the construction of the hotel InterContinental in Ljubljana, and suggested the way it should be financed, but am I the one to be held responsible for the taxation policies over there?

I have another example to add – over the past several days, three owners of medium enterprises came to me for advice whether to sell their companies or not. As for two of them, I said “Yes”, but I also told the third one everything that needs to be done before he decides to sell the company. Should they fail to pay the taxes, in your opinion, am I to be held responsible?

In the third place, for the evasion of taxation to exist, something needs to be concealed from the state authorities. While presenting his closing argument, I haven’t heard the prosecutor say what was concealed in this case. What could have been concealed when the competent state authorities had all the information about this transaction:

  • Business Registers Agency registered the capital increase
  • Central securities depository amended data in its records
  • Business Registers Agency notified the Tax Administration of the amendments
  • Tax inspectors conducted two inspections, upon which they were submitted all the necessary documents for review

Your honour,

I have to repeat the question posed by my legal counsellor – have you ever heard the prosecutor say, at least once for all these years: “Here is the evidence against Mišković”? Have you heard a single sentence which explains why my alleged advice represents a criminal act? Of course, you haven’t.

You have never heard that I told Marko, Živojin or Jadranka not to calculate or not to file the tax.

And for all these 6 years, I have never heard you say to the prosecution – we are in court, we are here to deliver a verdict. You need to present evidence, not assumptions.

The proceedings against me are conducted without a single evidence, based on the assumptions presented by the prosecution.

Six years went by and the public still does not understand what I did to break the law. The prosecution asks for a 5-year prison sentence for giving my son business advice.

In the decision made by the Court of Appeal, the court asks what kind of advice I gave to my son, which led to the concealment of facts relevant to determine the existence of taxes? Another question the court asks: so what if a father gets involved into the business of his son? What does it have to do with taxes? What does the advice on the sale of shares have to do with taxation?

Your honour,

I have to ask the question – does this Trial Chamber take into consideration the length of this process, which lasts for six years, and the way it affects my reputation, as well as the legitimacy of one of the largest Serbian enterprises? Is it possible to conceive the damage caused to Delta’s business in Serbia and abroad?

Your honour,

The only thing the prosecution can present as evidence in this trial is the authentic interpretation of the National Assembly of Serbia, according to which the tax existed, and the verdict of the Administrative Court, based on the allegedly authentic interpretation of the National Assembly, and in addition to this, in order to prove the tax evasion, it falsifies its verdict by quoting the Legal Entity Profit Tax Law from 2010, whereas the transaction took place in 2008. These facts have already been explained in more detail by my legal counsellor.

The truth is that there is no tax, there is no intention and there is nothing concealed from the competent authorities. As you can see, it is impossible to pass a judgment of conviction if you abide by THE LAW.

Your honour,

I am aware that nowadays, in the words of my lawyer, it takes courage to implement the law, but from this place I am asking you to judge in accordance with YOUR CONSCIENCE, on the basis of evidence, and judge in compliance with the law.

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